viernes, 23 de octubre de 2015

Respuesta a incidentes, hacemos un informe?

Estimados amigos de Inseguros !!!

En el mundo del cibercrimen, ciberdelitos, ciberdefensa, cibercafe, etc :-) nos encontramos con la necesidad, al igual que en todos los aspectos de la gestión TIC, de realizar informes.
De nada sirve un pentesting a una empresa, si no podemos comunicar nuestros hallazgos de la manera que se nos solicita. Imaginas al gerente de una empresa leyendo CVE y técnicas de exploiting? Imaginas al responsable de infraestructura leyendo gráficas e informes de perdidas financieras? Cada uno necesita su parte de la información.



En el mundo de la cibervigilancia, en el SOC (Security Operations Center) o del análisis de incidentes tenemos que documentar todos los hallazgos de nuestro trabajo de la mejor manera para poder tener esa información accesible internamente, como mejora, o de cara a nuestros clientes.

El señor Lenny Zeltser nos brinda en formato "libre" su plantilla para el informe muy muy completa. Sin duda me gusta mucho y tenemos en su blog la explicación de como está planteado el informe.

Espero que os sirva de ayuda. Lo publico en el blog para que no quede como un enlace más en Twitter que luego nadie ve :-).

Espero que os guste y como siempre, gracias por leerme y por votarme en los premios Bitácoras 2015. VOTAME !!! :-)

Cyber Threat Intelligence and Incident Response Report


Incident Name

Report Author

Report Date

Revision Dates and Notes

Executive Summary

Describe in up to three paragraphs your key observations and takeaways related to the intrusion. Explain the adversary’s tactics, techniques and procedures. Outline the most significant courses of action taken to defend against the adversary when responding to the intrusion. The remainder of the report should substantiate this summary.

The Adversary’s Actions and Tactics

Summarize in one paragraph the adversary’s actions and tactics, as well as the effects that the intrusion had on the victims. This section of the report overlays the intrusion kill chain’s phases over the diamond model vertices to capture the core characteristics of the malicious activities.

Description of the Adversary

Describe observations and indicators that may be related to the perpetrators of the intrusion. If possible, highlight the attributes of the adversary operator and the adversary’s potential customer. Outline potential motivations and identifying elements. Categorize your insights according to the corresponding phase of the intrusion kill chain, as structured in the following table.
Reconnaissance

Weaponization

Delivery

Exploitation

Installation

Command and Control

Actions on Objectives

The Adversary’s Capabilities

Describe the adversary’s capabilities in terms of tactics, techniques and procedures (TTPs). Address the tools and tradecraft employed by the intrusion perpetrators, such as exploits backdoors, staging methods and situational awareness. Categorize your insights according to the corresponding phase of the intrusion kill chain, as structured in the following table.
Reconnaissance

Weaponization

Delivery

Exploitation

Installation

Command and Control

Actions on Objectives

The Adversary’s Infrastructure

Describe the infrastructure, such as IP addresses, domain names, program names, etc. used by the adversary. Categorize your insights according to the corresponding phase of the intrusion kill chain, as structured in the following table.
Reconnaissance

Weaponization

Delivery

Exploitation

Installation

Command and Control

Actions on Objectives

The Victims and Affected Assets

Describe the victims affected by the adversary’s actions. Address applicable victim identifiers such as people and organization names. Also outline the affected victim assets, such as networks, systems and applications. Categorize your insights according to the corresponding phase of the intrusion kill chain, as structured in the following table.
Reconnaissance

Weaponization

Delivery

Exploitation

Installation

Command and Control

Actions on Objectives

Course of Action During Incident Response

Summarize in one paragraph the steps you’ve taken when responding to the various phases of the intrusion chain. The section below should describe your actions in greater detail.

Discover

Describe in the following table the steps you’ve taken to determine what the adversary has done so far as part of the intrusion, as determined based on the analysis of logs, network packer captures, forensic data and other sources.
Reconnaissance

Weaponization

Delivery

Exploitation

Installation

Command and Control

Actions on Objectives

Detect

Describe in the following table the measures you’ve put in place to identify the adversary’s future activities related to the applicable intrusion phase. Explain how you defined and deployed indicators and signatures, additional sensors or instrumentation, security event data monitors, etc.
Reconnaissance

Weaponization

Delivery

Exploitation

Installation

Command and Control

Actions on Objectives

Deny

Describe in the following table the measures you’ve implemented to block the adversary from taking the malicious actions, staying within the context of the intrusion phase described in this report. For instance, did you block specific IPs at the perimeter firewall, patch targeted vulnerabilities, block emails that matched specific patterns, etc.?
Reconnaissance

Weaponization

Delivery

Exploitation

Installation

Command and Control

Actions on Objectives

Disrupt

Describe in the following table the measures you’ve established to interfere with the adversary’s attack in progress to cause it to fail. For instance, did you use an intrusion prevention system or firewall to terminate the adversary’s active network connections, quarantined suspicious files, distributed updated antivirus signatures, etc.?
Reconnaissance

Weaponization

Delivery

Exploitation

Installation

Command and Control

Actions on Objectives

Degrade

Describe in the following table the actions you’ve taken to slow down or otherwise degrade the attack in progress. One example of such measures might be to configure the network equipment to rate-limit the connections attributed to the adversary.
Reconnaissance

Weaponization

Delivery

Exploitation

Installation

Command and Control

Actions on Objectives

Deceive

Describe in the following table the steps you’ve taken to misinform the adversary in the context of the applicable intrusion phase. Deception might involve planting fake assets that might interest the intruder, redirecting the adversary’s network connections, fooling malware into believing the targeted system is already infected, employing honey tokens, etc.
Reconnaissance

Weaponization

Delivery

Exploitation

Installation

Command and Control

Actions on Objectives

Destroy

Describe in the following table the offensive actions you’ve taken against the adversary to reduce their ability to carry out the intrusion. Such steps are generally unavailable to private individuals or firms outside of specific law enforcement or military organizations, although coordination and intelligence sharing with these organizations is within scope of this section.
Reconnaissance

Weaponization

Delivery

Exploitation

Installation

Command and Control

Actions on Objectives

Intrusion Campaign Analysis

If applicable, summarize in one paragraph the relationship between the intrusion discussed earlier in the report and other related intrusions that, when taken together, form a campaign. Mention the indicators and behaviors shared across the intrusions within the campaign. Outline the commercial, geopolitical or other factors that might have motivated the adversary’s activities.

Other Intrusions in the Campaign

Describe other incidents or intrusions that share commonalities with the intrusion discussed earlier in the report. Explain whether the shared attributes indicate a low/medium/high likelihood that the intrusions form a larger campaign. Provide internal and external intrusion names or other relevant identifiers. Include references to related internal and external documents. Clarify when the intrusions occurred.

Shared Intrusion Attributes

Specify the key indicators and behavioral characteristics that are consistent across intrusions within the campaign. Categorize the attributes according to the kill chain phase when they were exhibited and their relevance to the adversary description, attack infrastructure, capabilities (tactics, techniques and procedures) and the affected victims. Wherever possible, account for Adversary, Infrastructure, Capabilities and Victim in each applicable phase of the kill chain.

Adversary
Infrastructure
Capabilities
Victim
Reconnaissance




Weaponization




Delivery




Exploitation




Installation




Command and Control




Actions on Objectives




Campaign Motivations

Outline the likely motivation for the adversary’s activities across the intrusion campaign, including the relevant commercial, geopolitical or other factors. If practical, offer substantiated theories regarding the attribution of the campaign to specific individuals, groups or nation states.

Third-Party References

Provide references to third-party data about the intrusion discussed in this report, the campaign that it is a part of or the associated adversaries.




This report is based on the template created by Lenny Zeltser. The template is distributed according to the Creative Commons Attribution license (CC BY 4.0), which basically allows you to use this material in any way, as long as you credit the author for the original creation. The contents build upon the concepts and terminology defined by Eric M. Hutchins, Michael J. Cloppert and Rohan M. Amin’s paper Intelligence-Driven Computer Network Defense Informed by Analysis of Adversary Campaigns and Intrusion Kill Chains and Sergio Caltagirone, Andrew Pendergast, and Christopher Betz’s paper The Diamond Model of Intrusion Analysis. It also incorporates the insights from SANS Institute’s course FOR578: Cyber Threat Forensics as taught by Michael J. Cloppert and Robert M. Lee.





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